Bone Grafting

Major & Minor Bone Grafting

Over a period of time, the jaw bone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants.

Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.

Major Bone Grafting

Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease or injuries. The bone graft material is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone is taken from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee). Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum and protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration or guided tissue regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different sites depending on the size of the defect. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.

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Minor Bone Grafting

Smaller areas of missing or atrophied bone in the jaws can be reconstructed by using bone taken from various sources including the patient’s own bone harvested from the jaws or by using grafting products such as allogeneic bone (sterilized, processed cadavaric bone), xenografts (sterilized, processed animal bone) and alloplastic materials (synthetic materials supporting natural bone growth).

Minor bone grafting procedures are usually performed in the office under local anesthesia and, often, with intravenous (IV) sedation to ensure comfort during the surgery.

Patient Reviews: Bone Grafting

This portion is in progress. Please visit the Patient Review Form page to leave a review about your bone grafting experience with this practice. Call our office if you would like more information: Nacogdoches Oral Surgery Office Phone Number 936-569-1111 and Lufkin: Lufkin Oral Surgery Office Phone Number 936-632-4444.